Susan Kuivalainen

Head of Department, Research
D.Soc.Sc., Docent
+358 29 411 2184

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Areas of research

  • social policy
  • social security
  • the ageing of the population
  • welfare
  • comparative research


I am the Head of Research at the Finnish Centre for Pensions and in charge of our research in support of the evaluation and development of earnings-related pensions in Finland. My research subjects focus on social security schemes, comparative socio-politics and the economic well-being of the population.  Recently, my research has focused on the livelihood of retirees.

I have worked as the Head of Research at the Finnish Centre for Pensions since August 2013. Before that, I worked at the National Institute for Health and Welfare as a research professor in the Minimum Income Unit and as a lecturer/professor at the University of Turku.


Kuivalainen, S. & Nivalainen, S. & Järnefelt, N. & Kuitto, K. (2018) Length of working life and pension income: Empirical evidence on gender and socioeconomic differences from Finland. In: Journal for Pension Economics and Finance, First View 27 September 2018.

Sanna Tenhunen & Ilpo Airio & Olli Kangas & Karoliina Koskenvuo & Susan Kuivalainen (eds.) (2017) Eläketiedon merkitys – Suomalaisten mielipiteet vuoden 2017 eläkeuudistuksesta [The role of pension information – Finnish people’s opinions about the 2017 pension reform]. Eläketurvakeskuksen tutkimuksia 02/2017.

Susan Kuivalainen & Juha Rantala & Kati Ahonen & Kati Kuitto & Liisa-Maria Palomäki (eds.) (2017) Eläkkeet ja eläkeläisten toimeentulo 1995–2015 [Pensions and pensioners’ economic welfare 1995–2015]. Eläketurvakeskuksen tutkimuksia 01/2017.

Kuivalainen, S. & Palola, E. (2013) Tuloerot ja köyhyys. Teoksessa Raunio, T. & Saari J. (toim.) Euroopan paras maa? Suomen muuttuva asema Euroopan unionissa. Gaudeamus, Helsinki. 89–113.

Kuivalainen, S. (toim.) (2013) Toimeentulotuki 2010-luvulla. Tutkimus toimeentulotuen asiakkuudesta ja myöntämiskäytännöistä. Raportti 9/2013. THL, Helsinki.

Hakovirta, M. & Kuivalainen, S. & Rantalaiho, M. (2013) Welfare state support of lone parents – Nordic approaches to a complex and ambiguous policy issue. In: Harslof, I. & Ulmestig, R. (eds.) Changing social risk in the Nordic countries. Palgrave Macmillan. (forthcoming)

Kuivalainen, S. (2013) Subjective poverty. Encyclopedia of Quality of Life Research. (forthcoming)

Järvi, L. & Kuivalainen, S. (2013) Equally to all? The significance of collectively negotiated sickness benefits in cross-Nordic social policy analysis. (forthcoming)

Kuivalainen, S. & Nelson, K. (2012) Eroding minimum income protection in the Nordic countries? Reassessing the Nordic model of social assistance. In: Kvist, J. & Fritzell, J. & Hvinden, B. & Kangas. O. (eds.) Changing Social Equality. The Nordic Welfare Model in the 21st Century. The Policy Press, Bristol.

Kuivalainen, S. & Moisio P. (2012) Poverty lines in Finland. In: (ed.) Methods for estimating the poverty lines: Four country case studies. 46–64. ILO, Geneve.

Kuivalainen, S. (2011) Suomalaisten mielipiteet vähimmäisturvan tasosta vuosina 1995–2010. Yhteiskuntapolitiikka 76(4): 373–387.

Airio, I. & Kuivalainen, S. & Niemelä, M. (2008) Much ado about nothing? Institutional framework and empirical findings on the working poor phenomenon in Finland from 1995 to 2005. In: Anderss, H.-J. & Lohmann, H. (eds.) Working Poor in Western Europe Edward. Elgar, Cheltenham, UK & Northampton, USA.

Kuivalainen, S. (2004) A Comparative Study on Last Resort Social Assistance Schemes in Six European Countries. Research Report 146. Stakes, Helsinki.