Apply for an A1 certificate

If you are working temporarily in an EU/EEA country or in Switzerland or in a country which has signed a social security agreement with Finland, you can be covered by Finnish social security if you

  • are already covered by Finnish social security at the time of going abroad to work, and
  • work abroad as a posted employee for a Finnish employer or for your own company that operates in Finland.

In such cases, you need to apply for the A1 certificate that states that you are covered by Finnish social security while working abroad.

We will grant you the A1 certificate upon application if you meet the above conditions.

At the moment, we have a backlog of A1 applications. Avoid the backlog and apply for the certificate online.

Työnantajaikoni-eng

Employers can apply for the A1 certificate online (with Katso PWD credentials). The link to Katso is at the bottom of the login page.

Työnantajan sähköinen hakemuspainike-eng

Työntekijäikoni-eng

Employees can apply for the A1 certificate online (with online banking credentials).

As a rule, if you work for only one employer, that employer will apply for the certificate. If you work for several employers, you have to apply for the certificate yourself.

Työntekijän sähköinen hakemuspainike-eng

Yrittäjäikoni-eng

Self-employed persons cannot apply for the A1 certificate via the online application service. Instead, you have to fill out a form found on our website. Send the filled out application form via the Suomi.fi Messages service or by post.

Yrittäjän pdf-painike-eng

The electronic application service is available only in Finnish for now. You can also apply by filling out a printable application form and sending it via Suomi.fi Message service or by post.

Find the appropriate application form below under the relevant heading.

Posted employee

When you are posted to another EU/EEA country or Switzerland, you need an A1 certificate to prove that you are covered by Finnish social security.

If you are posted to a social security agreement country, you need a certificate of the applicable legislation.

As a rule, your employer will apply for the application via our online application service. The service is available in Finnish.

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You can also apply for the A1 certificate by filling out and printing out an online form.

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Posted self-employed person

If you are self-employed and will work temporarily in another EU Member State, you need an A1 certificate to attest that you are covered by Finnish social security legislation.

If you are self-employed and will work temporarily in a social security agreement country, you need an A1 certificate of the applicable legislation.

Apply for the certificate from the Finnish Centre for Pensions by submitting the printable online form.

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Posted grant recipient

If you are a grant recipient who will work temporarily in another EU Member State, you need an A1 certificate to prove that you are covered by Finnish social security.

If you are a grant recipient who will work temporarily in a social security agreement country, you need a certificate of the applicable legislation.

Apply for the certificate from the Finnish Centre for Pensions by submitting the printable online form.

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Working in several EU Member States

If you work in several EU Member States, you must notify the social security authorities in the country in which you live of your work in more than one EU Member State. In other words, you have to apply for an A1 certificate to show which country’s social security will apply to your work.

As a rule, if you work for only one employer, your employer will apply for the certificate. If you work for several employers, you have to apply for the certificate yourself.

Apply for the certificate via our online application service. The service is available only in Finnish.

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You can also apply for the certificate by submitting the printable online application form.

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Flight crew

If you are a member of a flight crew and your home base is in a different country than in the one you live or in which you also do other work, you need an A1 certificate to determine which laws should be applied to your work.

As a rule, your employer is to apply for the A1 certificate via the online application service of the Finnish Centre for Pensions. If necessary, you can also apply for the certificate yourself. Please note that the online application service is available only in Finnish.

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Sailor

If you are a sailor and work on a vessel that sails under the flag of another country than then one in which you live, or if you do other work, as well, you need an A1 certificate to determine which country’s laws are to be applied to your work.

As a rule, your employer is to apply for the A1 certificate via the online application service of the Finnish Centre for Pensions. If necessary, you can also apply for the certificate yourself. Please note that the online application service is available only in Finnish.

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Freelancer

As a freelancer you can work in en employment relationship or as a self-employed person. Typically, freelancers work for more than one employer. Whether you will be granted an A1 certificate of coverage under Finnish social security laws while you work abroad depends on whether you work as an employee or a self-employed person.


Apply for an A1 certificate if you work as a self-employed person

  • in another EU country on a temporary basis, and
  • you have taken out insurance under the Self-employed Persons’ Pensions Act.

State on your application if you will be working abroad for other periods, as well, in the next 12 months.


Apply for an A1 certificate if you work as an employee

  • repeatedly in several EU countries, and
  • in an employment relationship.

If you have not taken out insurance under the Self-employed Persons’ Pensions Act and you do not work abroad in an employment relationship, contact a pension provider to find out if you are under obligation to take out insurance under the Self-employed Persons’ Pensions Act. If you take out pension insurance for the self-employed, apply for the A1 certificate as a self-employed person.


Do not apply for an A1 certificate if

  • you work abroad in an employment relationship for a foreign employer only for one period, or
  • you do not or cannot take out insurance under the Self-employed Persons’ Pensions Act.

In these cases, we cannot grant you the A1 certificate. Instead, you have to notify Kela that you are going abroad to work.

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The A1 certificate rules that your social security insurance contributions are to be paid to Finland, which means that

  • you will accrue a pension to Finland, and
  • you might get, for example, a sickness allowance from Finland.

If you do not apply for an A1 certificate, the main rule of insurance will be applied; in other words, you will be covered by the social security laws of the country in which you work.

Note! We will expedite applications only if there are strong grounds for doing so. In that case, your employer must submit a statement from the authorities in the target country that explains that you cannot work or get paid for your work without the A1 certificate

Notify the Finnish Centre for Pension of changes to your work abroad

The A1 certificate that the Finnish Centre for Pensions grants is valid for a fixed period of time.

If any of the following circumstances of your work abroad change while your A1 certificate is valid, please n0tify the Finnish Centre for Pensions of the change:

  • you will return to Finland or your posting is interrupted more than 30 days before the certificate stops being valid,
  • your employment relationship ends,
  • your employer changes or you start in a parallel employment or start working as a self-employed person,
  • you move abroad permanently,
  • your work abroad is interrupted because
    • you are laid off,
    • you fall ill,
    • you take unpaid leave,
    • you take a family leave,
    • you take a job alternation leave, or
    • you take an equivalent leave
  • you are a member of flight crew and your home base changes.

If your posting lasts for more than 30 days after your A1 certificate comes to an end, your employer has to apply for a new A1 certificate from the Finnish Centre for Pensions.

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Kela is notified of a granted certificate

We will notify the Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela) of the A1 certificate that we have granted. Without a separate application, Kela will send a European health insurance card to you if you are working in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland and are still covered by health insurance in Finland. The card gives you the right to care and to compensation for care given within the statutory health care system of the country in which you live.

Contact Kela also in the following situations:

  • if you go to work in India, China or South Korea, or
  • if any of your family members come to live with you abroad. They have to fill in a separate form for coverage under Finnish social security and submit it to Kela.

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