Apply for an A1 certificate

If you are working temporarily in an EU/EEA country or in Switzerland or in a country which has signed a social security agreement with Finland, you can be covered by Finnish social security if you

  • are already covered by Finnish social security at the time of going abroad to work, and
  • work abroad as a posted employee for a Finnish employer or for your own company that operates in Finland.

In such cases, you need to apply for the A1 certificate that states that you are covered by Finnish social security while working abroad.

We will grant you the A1 certificate upon application if you meet the above conditions.

At the moment, we have a backlog of A1 applications. Avoid the backlog and apply for the certificate online.

Työnantajaikoni-eng

Employers can apply for the A1 certificate online (with Katso PWD credentials).

Työnantajan sähköinen hakemuspainike-eng

Työntekijäikoni-eng

Employees can apply for the A1 certificate online (with online banking credentials).

If you work for only one employer, that employer will apply for the certificate. If you work for several employers, you have to apply for the certificate yourself.

Työntekijän sähköinen hakemuspainike-eng

Yrittäjäikoni-eng

Self-employed persons cannot apply for the A1 certificate online.

Yrittäjän pdf-painike-eng

The electronic application service is available only in Finnish for now. You can also apply by filling out a printable application form and sending it by post.

Find the appropriate application form below under the relevant heading.

Posted employee

When you are posted to another EU/EEA country or Switzerland, you need an A1 certificate to prove that you are covered by Finnish social security.

If you are posted to a social security agreement country, you need a certificate of the applicable legislation.

Your employer will apply for the application.

Read more:

Posted self-employed person

If you are self-employed and will work temporarily in another EU Member State, you need an A1 certificate to attest that you are covered by Finnish social security legislation.

If you are self-employed and will work temporarily in a social security agreement country, you need an A1 certificate of the applicable legislation.

Apply for the certificate from the Finnish Centre for Pensions.

Read more:

Posted grant recipient

If you are a grant recipient who will work temporarily in another EU Member State, you need an A1 certificate to prove that you are covered by Finnish social security.

If you are a grant recipient who will work temporarily in a social security agreement country, you need a certificate of the applicable legislation.

Apply for the certificate from the Finnish Centre for Pensions.

Read more:

Working in several EU Member States

If you work in several EU Member States, you must notify the social security authorities in the country in which you live of your work in more than one EU Member State. In other words, you have to apply for an A1 certificate to show which country’s social security will apply to your work.

If you work for only one employer, that employer will apply for the certificate. If you work for several employers, you have to apply for the certificate yourself.

Read more:

Flight crew

If you are a member of a flight crew and your home base is in a different country than in the one you live or in which you do other work, you need an A1 application to determine which laws should be applied to your work.

As a rule, your employer is to apply for the A1 certificate via the online application service of the Finnish Centre for Pensions. If necessary, you can also apply for the certificate yourself. Please not that the online application service is available only in Finnish.

Read more

Sailor

If you are a sailor and work on a vessel that sails under the flag of another country than then one in which you live, or if you do other work, as well, you need an A1 certificate to determine which country’s laws are to be applied to your work.

As a rule, your employer is to apply for the A1 certificate via the online application service of the Finnish Centre for Pensions. If necessary, you can also apply for the certificate yourself. Please not that the online application service is available only in Finnish.

Read more

The A1 certificate rules that your social security insurance contributions are to be paid to Finland, which means that

  • you will accrue a pension to Finland
  • you will receive possible sickness allowances from Finland.

If you do not apply for a certificate, the main rule of insurance will be applied; in other words, you will be covered by the social security legislation of the country in which you work.

Kela is notified of a granted certificate

We will notify the Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela) of the A1 certificate that we have granted. Without a separate application, Kela will send a European health insurance card to you if you are working in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland and are still covered by health insurance in Finland. The card gives you the right to care and to compensation for care given within the statutory health care system of the country in which you live.

Contact Kela also in the following situations:

  • if you go to work in India, China or South Korea, or
  • if any of your family members come to live with you abroad. They have to fill in a separate form for coverage under Finnish social security and submit it to Kela.