According to Eurostat’s statistics, women’s poverty is considerably more common than men’s throughout Europe. In Finland, the share of low-income women and men who have turned 65 of the overall population of the same age is lower than in the EU27 countries on average.
In the Nordic countries, the population shares of low-income men and women aged 65 or over are lower in Norway, Denmark and Finland than in Europe on average. In Sweden, the share of low-income men is also lower than in Europe on average while the share of low-income women is higher.
Share of low income people aged 65 or more (%) of the population of the same age in 2020
Low-income people are persons whose income in the statistical year is under 60 per cent of the national median income. Income refers to the monetary income after tax, which includes earnings from work and income transfers.
Poverty at different income limits
Poverty can also be examined at different income limits. In Finland, few people have an income that is less than 40 or 50 per cent of the national median income. However, if the poverty limit is set at 60 or 70 per cent of the median income, the situation changes. In such cases, the share of low-income people in the population group aged 65 or over grows. In EU, poverty is defined as 60 per cent of the median income.
The figure below shows the share of low-income people at different income limits in the population group aged 65 or older. The data stems from the year 2020. Eurostat uses the term AROP indicator (at risk of poverty) of this. In EU, the AROPE indicator (at risk of poverty or social exclusion) is monitored to review not only persons at risk of poverty but also materially depriving people or people living in a household with a very low work intensity. In other words, the indicator has three dimensions of poverty.