The Finnish pension investment assets amounted to 255 billion euros at year-end 2021. The private sector accounted for 160 billion euros. The investment portfolios of the various actors grew from the previous year’s level also during the second year of the coronavirus pandemic. In the collapse of the investment market in March 2020, funds fell from 215 billion euros to 193 billion euros in a few weeks. During the rest of the year, i.e. April-December, assets recovered by 30 billion euros to a total of EUR 223 billion.

Approximately 46 billion euros, or close to 30 per cent, of the private sector investments at year-end 2021 were invested in Finnish instruments. Almost 20 per cent was invested in other countries in the euro zone and more than 50 per cent elsewhere. Countries outside the euro zone include the other Nordic countries, Great Britain, Switzerland, the United States, and the  developing markets.

The website of the Finnish Pension Alliance TELA contains more statistics on asset allocation per investment type and area.

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Return on investments

The return on pension asset investments can be monitored based on the rate of return, for example, by type of investment.

Private sector investment allocations come with lower risks, which means that the return fluctuation is also smaller than in the public sector. The main reason for the lower risk in the private sector are the solvency regulations, which do not exist in the public sector.

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Solvency ratios

The solvency of an earnings-related pension provider requires that the pension provider has a sufficient risk-bearing capacity. A high return and a low risk level are generally contradictory goals, so higher investment returns come with higher investment risks.

The solvency ratio of a pension provider is calculated as the ratio between the pension assets to its technical provisions. This ratio varies greatly from one pension provider to another.

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