Disability pension decisions in 2020

In 2020, a total of 23,500 new disability pension decisions were issued within the earnings-related pension system. 34 per cent of the applications were rejected. This is an increase of around 3 percentage points compared to in 2019, when around 31 per cent of the applications were rejected. The share of rejections has inreased throughout the 2010s.

The share of rejected disability pension applications grew in 2020 both in the private and public sector for both genders. Approximately 40 per cent of women’s applications in the private sector were rejected. The equivalent figure for men was 34 per cent. Compared to 2019, the increase was around 3 percentage points for both women and men.

In the public sector, the gender gap in the shares of rejections is more narrow than in the private sector. In 2020, 29 per cent of women’s and 28 per cent of men’s applications were rejected. Compared to 2019, the increase was around 4 percentage points for women and 2 percentage points for men.

Read more:

Average total processing times for earnings-related pension applications in 2020

In 2020, applications for a disability pension were processed in 46 days on average. The average processing time for applications for a full old-age pension was 11 days and for a partial old-age pension 3 days. The average processing time for applications for survivors’ pensions was 14 days. The processing times became clearly shorter for all pension benefits compared to the previous year.

Statistical tables:

Statistical services provides further information:

Pension applications

Producer: Finnish Centre for Pensions
Website: Pension applications
Subject area: Social security
Part of the Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): No

Description

The statistics contain data on earnings-related pension providers’ average processing times for earnings-related pension applications. They also includes data on disability pension application decisions.

Data content

The statistics contain data on the average total processing times for earnings-related pension applications, by pension benefit. They also include data on the share of applications processed in less than three months.

Regarding disability pension decisions, the statistics present numerical data on granted and rejected applications, as well as onthe share of rejected applications.

Classifications

The data on processing times have been classified according to sector of work and pension benefit.

Disability pension decisions have been classified according to gender, age and main disease.

Methods of data collection and source

The statistics is based on the registers of the earnings-related pension system.

Update frequency

The data is updated once a year.

Time of completion or release

The data is released at the beginning of the year following the statistical year. For a more detailed schedule, consult the Release Calendar.

Time series

The first earnings-related pension application data is from the year 2005.

Key words

earnings-related pensions, disability pensions, earnings-related pension applications, processing time

Concepts and Definitions

The total processing time

The total processing time is the time that begins on the date on which the application has been received and ends on the date on which the pension provider has issued its decision.

The processing times are for national pension applications.

The processing times for disability pensions do not include applications for continued pension.

Disability pension decisions

The disability pension decisions are for new applications. This means that the applicant has neither received a disability pension nor a rejected or a preliminary pension decision in four years before this application.

Private-sector pension providers include earnings-related pension insurance companies, industry-wide and company pension funds. Keva manages the majority of all public sector pension matters.

The main disease category classification used in disability pension decisions is the IDC-10 classification of diseases.

Quality description: Pension applications 2020

The statistics Pension applications is published by the Finnish Centre for Pensions.

The Act on the Finnish Centre for Pensions states that the responsibilities of the institution include, for example, the compiling of statistics in its field of operation. The production of the statistics at the Finnish Centre for Pensions is the responsibility of the Planning Department.

The statistics Pension applications is financed by the Finnish Centre for Pensions.

Relevance of statistical information

The statistics Pension applications describes the average processing times of earnings-related pension providers for earnings-related pension applications. They also includes data on the decisions issued for disability pension application.

Average total processing times

The statistics include pension providers’ average total processing times for earnings-related pension applications, by pension benefit. Private-sector pension providers include earnings-related pension insurance companies, industry-wide and company pension funds. Keva manages the majority of all public sector pension matters.

The total processing time is the time that begins on the date on which the application has been received and ends on the date on which the pension provider has issued its decision.

The data on processing times have been classified according to sector of work and pension benefit. The processing time unit is a day. Data on the share of applications processed in less than three months of all applications is presented separately.

The processing times are for national pension applications. The processing times for disability pensions do not include applications for continued pension.

Regarding disability pension decisions, the statistics present numerical data on granted and rejected applications, as well as on the share of rejected applications.

The disability pension decisions

re for new applications. This means that the applicant has neither received a disability pension nor a rejected or a preliminary pension decision in four years before this application.

The data on the decisions has been classified according to sector of work, gender, age and main disease category. The main disease categories follow the IDC-10 classification of diseases.

The concepts and definitions used in the statistics have been presented at the homepage of the statistics at www.etk.fi/en > Statistics > Pension Applications.

Correctness and accuracy of data

The statistics are based on the registers of the earnings-related pension scheme.

The Finnish Centre for Pensions is responsible for the content of the central registers of the earnings-related pension scheme. It manages and develops the notifications and register services relating to the registers. The registrar tasks of the Finnish Centre for Pensions are regulated in the Act on the Finnish Centre for Pensions.

The statistics Pension applications makes use of data in the application and pension registers. Together with Arke Oy and the pension providers, the Finnish Centre for Pensions maintains these registers.

The total processing time of a pension application is the date on which the claim is instigated (stored in the pension application register) and the date on which the pension decision is issued (stored in the pension decision register).

Data of the pension registers are used when compiling the statistics of disability pension decisions.

The datasets used consist of total material.

Errors discovered in the statistics are corrected without delay online. A separate bulletin is published in case of significant errors.

Timeliness and promptness of published data

The data in the statistics is released once a year at the beginning of the year following the statistical year. The release date is presented in the Release Calendar on the website of the Finnish Centre for Pensions. The data in the statistics is final.

Coherence and comparability of data

The statistics has been compiled since 2017. The time series has been produced in retrospect as of the statistical year 2005.

Availability and clarity of data

The statistical data is released annually on the homepage of the statistics and in the statistical database of the Finnish Centre for Pension.

A description of the statistics is presented on the homepage of the statistics at www.etk.fi/statistics.

For more information, contact the Statistical Services at the Finnish Centre for Pensions by e-mail at tilastot(at)etk.fi.