Apply for an A1 certificate

If you are working temporarily in an EU/EEA country or in Switzerland or in a country which has signed a social security agreement with Finland, you can be covered by Finnish social security if you

  • are already covered by Finnish social security at the time of going abroad to work, and
  • work abroad as a posted employee for a Finnish employer or for your own company that operates in Finland.

In such cases, you need to apply for the A1 certificate that states that you are covered by  Finnish social security while working abroad.

The Finnish Centre for Pensions will grant you the A1 certificate upon application if you meet the above conditions. The A1 certificate rules that your social security insurance contributions are to be paid to Finland, which means that

  • you will accrue a pension to Finland
  • you will receive possible sickness allowances from Finland.

The electronic application service is available only in Finnish for now. You can also apply by filling out a printable application form and send it by post.

Posted employee

When you are posted to another EU/EEA country or Switzerland, you need an A1 certificate to prove that you are covered by Finnish social security.

If you are posted to a social security agreement country, you need a certificate of the applicable legislation.

Your employer will apply for the application.

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Posted self-employed person

If you are self-employed and will work temporarily in another EU Member State, you need an A1 certificate to attest that you are covered by Finnish social security legislation.

If you are self-employed and will work temporarily in a social security agreement country, you need an A1 certificate of the applicable legislation.

Apply for the certificate from the Finnish Centre for Pensions.

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Posted grant recipient

If you are a grant recipient who will work temporarily in another EU Member State, you need an A1 certificate to prove that you are covered by Finnish social security.

Apply for the certificate from the Finnish Centre for Pensions.

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Working in several EU Member States

If you work in several EU Member States, you must notify the social security authorities in the country in which you live of your work in more than one EU Member State. In other words, you have to apply for an A1 certificate to show which country’s social security will apply to your work.

If you work for only one employer, that employer will apply for the certificate. If you work for several employers, you have to apply for the certificate yourself.

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If you do not apply for a certificate, the main rule of insurance will be applied; in other words, you will be covered by the social security legislation of the country in which you work.

Kela receives notification of granted certificate

The Finnish Centre for Pensions will notify the Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela) of the A1 certificate that it has granted. Without a separate application, Kela will send a European health insurance card to you if you are working in another EU/EEA country or Switzerland and are still covered by health insurance in Finland. The card gives you the right to care and to compensation for care given within the statutory health care system of the country in which you live.

If any of your family members come to live with you abroad, they have to fill in a separate form for coverage under Finnish social security and submit it to Kela.