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In 2021, a total of 30 billion euros were paid in earnings-related pensions. Old-age pensions accounted for nearly 90 per cent. The average monthly pension of those retiring on an earnings-related old-age pension in 2021 was 1,900 euros. On average, the monthly pensions of new female retirees were an ample 200 euros higher than of those who retired earlier.

The average monthly earnings-related old-age pensions that began in 2021 were 1,841 euros. On average, men received a monthly pension of 2,088 euros and women 1,607 euros. 

The monthly pensions of new female retirees an on old-age pension were more than 200 euros higher than the pensions of those who retired earlier. The gap is explained by elderly female retirees who did the main part of their life’s work outside working life.  

For men, the gap between new retirees and those who retired earlier is insignificant. When examining age groups, the 75–79-year-old men stood out. Their pension is higher, on average, than other old-age pension recipients’.

“Male baby boomers have the highest pensions. They had long and steady working lives. In addition, the pension system was more generous earlier: the earnings-related pension was determined based on the last years of work, and there was no pension-cutting life expectancy coefficient,” explains Statistics Manager Tiina Palotie-Heino (Finnish Centre for Pensions).

1.5 million earnings-related pension recipients 

At year-end 2021, Finnish earnings-related pensions were paid to 1.5 million persons. Of them, 1.3 million received an old-age pension.  

The average age of old-age pension recipients was 75 years. Slightly more than half (55%) of the retirees on an old-age pension were women. 

In 2021, nearly 61,500 persons retired on an earnings-related pension, the same as in 2020. The majority of new retirees, nearly 44,000 persons, retired on an old-age pension. In 2021, roughly 17,500 persons retired on a disability pension. 

The number of new retirees on a disability pension fell from 2020 by an ample eight per cent. This is the lowest number so far in the 21st century. 

30 billion euros paid in earnings-related pensions 

In 2021, statutory Finnish pensions totalled 33 billion euros. Earnings-related pensions accounted for nearly 30 billion euros. 

Private sector pensions accounted for almost two thirds and public sector pensions for an ample one third of the pension expenditure. One per cent (€242 million) of all earnings-related pensions were paid abroad. 

The majority of earnings-related pensions (88% or €27 billion) were paid as old-age pensions. Disability pensions and survivors’ pensions accounted for six per cent each of the total pension expenditure in Finland in 2021. 

The pension income are in gross amounts. The data is based on the pension register of the Finnish Centre for Pensions. 

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Finnish Centre for Pensions – Central body of and expert on statutory earnings-related pensions