Regulations on social security of workers posted to Great Britain will change as of 1 January 2021
The application of EU regulations on posted workers to Britain will change as the transition period ends. As of 1 January 2021, posted workers will be subject to the regulations of the withdrawal agreement.
Great Britain left the European Union on 1 February 2020. Due to the transition period, persons (for example posted workers) moving between Finland and Great Britain have continued to be subject to the EU regulations.
The rules concerning the transition period of the withdrawal agreement are in force until 31 December 2020. In practice, this has meant that, for example, A1 certificates have been granted upon application to workers posted to work in Britain.
Rules on social security of withdrawal agreement apply as of 1 January 2021
The rules in the withdrawal agreement are to secure the social security rights of persons who are in a cross-border situation when the transfer period ends on 31 December 2020.
In order for a person to continue to be covered by EU social security regulations based on the withdrawal agreement, they must be in a cross-border situation between an EU country and Great Britain on 31 December 2020, and the rules of the withdrawal agreement must be applicable to the person’s situation.
Based on the withdrawal agreement, the social security rights of, for example, persons who were posted workers on 31 December 2020 continue and EU social security regulations are applied to them. This means that an A1 certificate issued for work in Britain can continue the entire period that it was granted for.
EU regulations can be applied to a person for as long as they continue to be, without interruptions, in a cross-border situation and they meet the conditions of the EU regulations.
For example, after 1 January 2021, the rules of the withdrawal agreement are applied to:
- A Finnish worker who, at the end of 2020, works in Great Britain for a local employer and continues to work there.
- A worker posted from Finland to Britain, who has an A1 certificate that was granted until 31 December 2020 and whose work continues in Britain without interruptions also after 1 January 2021.
- A British self-employed person who, at the end of 2020, works in Finland and is insured under the Self-employed Persons’ Pensions Act and continues their self-employment in Finland after 1 January 2021.
Finnish Centre for Pensions follows the agreement negotiations
The Finnish Centre for Pensions follows the agreement negotiations between the EU and Great Britain and updates its website and application directives in the matter.
If no results are reached in the negotiations, Great Britain will be a non-agreement country in terms of social security as of 1 January 2021.
This means that, if a person is posted to Great Britain for the first time as of 1 January 2021 or later, and the rules of the withdrawal agreement cannot be applied to the worker, the social security of the person will be determined based on the national legislation of Finland and Great Britain.
In such a situation, a person posted from Finland continues to be insured under the Finnish earnings-related pension legislation. It is possible, though, that the worker will be charged statutory social insurance contributions also in Great Britain. The obligation to pay contributions must be sorted out both for Finland and Great Britain.
Earnings-related pensions continue to be paid from Finland to Great Britain without restrictions
Based on the withdrawal agreement, certain EU regulations are applied to pensions paid, for example, the rules on the aggregation of insurance periods.
The directives on the application of EU regulations on pensions will be published (in Finnish) later in December.