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Footing the Pension Bill

The European pension systems show a diversity of actors, financing mechanisms as well as public-private mixes. More attention should be paid to the multidimensional pension landscape in cross-national comparisons, says Special Adviser Niko Väänänen.

Earnings-related Pension System in Graphs and Figures

Download the slideshow or use it via SlideShare. Earnings-related Pension System in Graphs and Figures includes key information of the Finnish earnings-related pension system.


Pensioners in Finland have enjoyed improving economic welfare in the past 20 years. This conclusion comes out of a broad investigation by the Finnish Centre for Pensions (ETK) into the development of pensions and pensioners’ economic welfare in 1995–2015. The assessment used a wide range of indicators, including pension income, household disposable income, consumption, assets […]