Earnings-related and national pensions ensure an income in old age and in case of disability and the death of a family breadwinner. The aim of the earnings-related pension is to secure that a reasonable consumption level continues in retirement. Earnings-related pension accrues from paid work and self-employment which are insured in the earnings-related pension system. The national and the guarantee pensions secure a minimum income. Living in Finland is a precondition for getting a national and a guarantee pension.
The earnings-related pension system forms a considerable part of pension provision. At year-end 2018, a total of 62 per cent of all persons residing in Finland who only received a pension in their own right received an earnings-related pension. Around 33 per cent received a pension both from the earnings-related and the national pension while 5 per cent received only a national pension. At year-end 2018, a total of 1,485,000 persons residing in Finland received a pension in their own right.
Total pension in 2020
The taxation of earnings-related pensions, national benefits and pensions affect the net pension in hand. This review looks at how the components that affect the total pension have been determined in 2020.
The aim of the earnings-related pension is to secure a reasonable consumption level. The earnings-related pension is determined based on a person’s annual earnings and an accrual rate. Earnings-related pension accrues at a rate of 1.5 per cent per year of all earnings from the age of 17 to the age when the insurance obligation ends.
Income level of pension recipients
Studies show that the income of retirees has improved over the last 20 years when measured with all key income indicators. The position of retirees in relation to wage earners has remained unchanged. Poverty is most common among those getting a disability pension, living in single households and older women.