Financing of national pensions

The national pension expenditure is financed in full by the State via tax revenues according to the pay-as-you-go (PAYG) scheme. In 2019, at total of 2.3 billion euros were paid in national and guarantee pensions.

A small buffer fund, the National Pension Insurance Fund, has been legislated for the national pension in the National Pensions Act. The fund has to contain assets worth at least 3.5 per cent of the total annual expenditure for national pensions.  At year-end 2018, the fund assets amounted to 77 million euros, which is 74 000 euros above the required minimum.

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