Pensions and pensioners’ economic welfare 1995–2015

Finnish Centre for Pensions, Studies 01/2017


Susan Kuivalainen, Juha Rantala, Kati Ahonen, Kati Kuitto and Liisa-Maria Palomäki (eds.)

This study provides a comprehensive overview of pensioners’ economic welfare in Finland over the past 20 years. Economic welfare is measured using disposable income, consumption, wealth, subjective financial strain and severe material deprivation.  The study also puts Finland in an international comparative perspective.