In this study, we examine the income and the income differences of retired women and men from 1995 to 2013. We use several income concepts in our comparison: pension incomes, gross and net incomes, and the equivalent income that takes into account the total income of the family. The various income concepts provide insight for the study of equality between and within the genders.
Income differences between retired women and men in 1995–2013
Finnish Centre for Pensions, Studies 01/2016