How to make pension systems more robust – Automatic adjustment mechanisms as a response to longevity

Without adaptation, increasing life expectancy entails cost-increases for statutory pension systems. In Finland, earnings-related pensions have undergone a major reform by adapting both retirement ages and the pension formula to increased life-expectancy. The European Commission’s Annual Employment and Social Developments Review lifts up the Finnish reform as an example of how to incentivize longer working lives. Mikko Kautto explains the essence and motivation behind automatic adjustment mechanisms.

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Stakeholder dialogue improves pensions

Did you ever look for your glasses just to realize that you were already wearing them? Or try to find a pencil just to discover that you could just as well have used a pen that was lying right in front of you? Such blunders do not only happen in our everyday lives, they can also happen in pension reforms and in research on pensions. The reason is that a stakeholder dialogue does not always take place.

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Flexible retirement eroding the cliff-edge between work and retirement?

In its latest pension reform, Finland relaxed the rules for retirement, giving people more freedom to combine work and retirement. By introducing a new partial pension, Finland is following the old-age pension scheme design of Sweden and Norway. So far, the experiences from all three countries indicate that people want to combine work and retirement income. It remains to be seen whether gradual retirement will become as popular in Finland as it is in Norway, or whether it will stay at a more moderate level, as in Sweden.

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Divided Europe in terms of pensioners’ economic welfare

Pensioners in Europe have considerably more money to spend today than in the early 2000s. The poverty rate has gone down by around 20%, and the gap in income between pensioners and working-age people has become narrower. These are all good news about pensioners’ economic welfare in Europe. But if we look at this from a more differentiated angle, we see that there is more to the story.

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Footing the Pension Bill – Do Beveridgean and Bismarckian Countries Differ?

It is said that one of the core values of Europe is diversity. This certainly holds true when looking at pension systems. There is such a diversity of actors, financing mechanisms as well as public-private mixes that it is easy to conclude that Europe embraces diversity as much in its pension systems as in its cultures and languages. Lisää uutisia

Could Working Lives Be Extended By Working Less?

At first glance, the thought of extending working lives by doing less work seems counter-intuitive: how can something be extended by reducing it? However, when analyzing working lives we need to scrap intuition. The lengths of working lives are not predetermined; people constantly make choices that will have an impact on the total length of their working lives. That’s why something can be reduced (transition from full-time to part-time work) and extended (through later retirement) at the same time.

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